The following is a message from the Director of the FDA Oncology Center of Excellence, Dr. Richard Pazdur:
On May 15, 2020, the Food and Drug Administration granted accelerated approval to rucaparib (RUBRACA®, Clovis Oncology, Inc.) for patients with deleterious BRCA mutation (germline and/or somatic)-associated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who have been treated with androgen receptor-directed therapy and a taxane-based chemotherapy.
Efficacy was investigated in TRITON2 (NCT02952534), an ongoing, multi-center, single arm clinical trial in 115 patients with BRCA-mutated (germline and/or somatic) mCRPC who had been treated with androgen receptor-directed therapy and taxane-based chemotherapy. Patients received rucaparib 600 mg orally twice daily and concomitant GnRH analog or had prior bilateral orchiectomy.
Objective response rate (ORR) and duration of response (DOR) were assessed in 62 patients with measurable disease. The confirmed ORR was 44% (95% CI: 31, 57). Median DOR was not evaluable (NE; 95% CI: 6.4, NE). The range for the DOR was 1.7-24+ months. Fifteen of the 27 (56%) patients with confirmed objective responses had a DOR of ≥6 months.
The most common adverse reactions (≥ 20%) among all 115 patients with BRCA-mutated mCRPC were fatigue, nausea, anemia, increased ALT/AST, decreased appetite, rash, constipation, thrombocytopenia, vomiting, and diarrhea.
The recommended rucaparib dose is 600 mg orally twice daily with or without food. Patients receiving rucaparib for mCRPC should also receive a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog concurrently or should have had bilateral orchiectomy.
This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on objective response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.
Rucaparib previously was granted Breakthrough Therapy designation for this indication. This application was granted priority review. A description of FDA expedited programs is in the Guidance for Industry: Expedited Programs for Serious Conditions-Drugs and Biologics.
Healthcare professionals should report all serious adverse events suspected to be associated with the use of any medicine and device to FDA’s MedWatch Reporting System or by calling 1-800-FDA-1088.
For information on the COVID-19 pandemic, see the following resources:
- FDA: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
- NCI: Coronavirus: What People With Cancer Should Know
- CDC: Coronavirus (COVID-19)