ASCO and other experts in oncology have released guidelines to inform and guide patients and providers on the links between obesity and cancer. The latest obesity guidelines on chemotherapy dosing, prevention, exercise and nutrition, and weight management are provided below.
American Cancer Society (ACS) Guidelines
The American Cancer Society (ACS) issues Guidelines for Nutrition and Physical Activity. These guidelines serve as a foundation for the group’s communication, policy, and community strategies around nutrition and physical activity as a means to prevent cancer. These Guidelines reflect the most current scientific evidence related to dietary and activity patterns and cancer risk. The ACS also offers guidelines specifically for survivors and caregivers on the role of nutrition and physical activity after a cancer diagnosis.
American College of Sports Medicine, Exercise Guidelines for Cancer Survivors
This report details the important role that exercise plays in cancer control and survivorship. The report also provides a framework for providers interested in implementing physical activity programs for cancer survivors both during and after completion of active cancer treatment.
Appropriate Chemotherapy Dosing for Obese Adult Patients With Cancer: ASCO Practice Guideline
The purpose of this ASCO guideline is to provide recommendations for appropriate cytotoxic chemotherapy dosing for obese adult patients with cancer.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Obesity Prevention Strategies
To reverse the obesity epidemic, the CDC has developed numerous recommended strategies to prevent obesity, including guides to increase physical activity and the consumption of fruits and vegetables. CDC guidelines for pediatric cancer survivors encourage parents to limit their child’s media time to one to two hours quality programming per day, avoid foods with added sugars, fat, and salt, encourage fruits and vegetable intake, and substitute water for drinks with added sugar. The CDC guidelines also recommend that children participate in one or more hours per day of physical activity.
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI): Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults
NHLBI, in cooperation with the National Institutes of Health, released the first Federal guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity.