ASCO Calls for Major Medicaid ReformFacts and Figures about Medicaid

The "ASCO Policy Statement on Medicaid Reform," published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO), is a major call to action to help ensure access to life-saving screening, treatment, and prevention services for low-income Americans with cancer.

Currently, 67.9 million Americans—about one-fifth of the U.S. population—are enrolled in Medicaid. Of these, an estimated 2.1 million are patients with cancer, or survivors, including those added under the Affordable Care Act expansion.* Yet studies show that Medicaid patients often do not receive the same quality of cancer care as patients with private insurance. In addition, Medicaid patients are up to three times more likely to be diagnosed with cancer at a late stage, when treatment is less likely to be effective.

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* Calculation based on data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Congressional Budget Office, and Kaiser Family Foundation.


1. Halpern et al. Association of insurance status and ethnicity with cancer stage at diagnosis for 12 cancer sites: a retrospective analysis. Lancet Oncol. 2008;9(3):222-231.